## January 03, 2019 Question
What is an optimal Huffman code for alphabet b of the following set of frequencies
a: 45, b:13, c:12, d:16, e:9, f:5
Select one:
a. 111
b. 101
c. 100
d. 001

Question
In flow networks Residual capacity Cf (u,v)=
Select one:
a. c(u,v) – f(u,v)
b. t(u,v) – s(u,v)
c. f(u, v) – c(u,v)
d. s(u,v) – t(u, v)

The correct answer is:c(u,v) – f(u,v)

Question
In Ford-Fulkerson algorithm, flow of the augmenting path is selected based on
Select one:
a. cf(p) =min{ cf (u,v):(u,v)is in f-P }
b. cf(p) =min{ cf (u,v):(u,v)is in p }
c. cf(p) =max{ cf (u,v):(u,v)is in f-P }
d. cf(p) =max{ cf (u,v):(u,v)is in p }

The correct answer is: cf(p) =min{ cf (u,v):(u,v)is in p }

Question
To implement Dijkstra’s shortest path algorithm on unweighted graphs so that it runs in linear time, the data structure to be used is:
Select one:
a. Queue
b. Heap
c. Stack
d. B-Tree

Question
In an unweighted, undirected connected graph, the shortest path from a node S to every other node is computed most efficiently, in terms of time complexity by
Select one:
a. Warshall’s algorithm
b. Performing a DFS starting from S.
c. Dijkstra’s algorithm starting from S.
d. Performing a BFS starting from S

The correct answer is:Performing a BFS starting from S

Question
Consider the decision problem 2CNFSAT defined as follows:

Select one:
a. NP-hard, but not NP-complete.
b. solvable in constant time since any input instance is satisfiable.
c. NP-Complete.
d. solvable in polynomial time by reduction to directed graph reachability

The correct answer is:solvable in polynomial time by reduction to directed graph reachability

Question
Find the Running Time of the fastest algorithm to calculate the shortest path between any two vertices of a graph where all edges have equal weights.
Select one:
a. 0(V  log2V+E )
b. 0 (E+V)
c. 0(V log V2+E)
d. 0 (V+E) log2V

Question
Match the following
Group A                                                                      Group B
a) Dijkstra's single shortest path                                     p) Dynamic Programming
b) Bellmen Ford's single shortest path algorithm           q) Backtracking
c) Floyd Warshell's all pair shortest path algorithm        r) Greedy Algorithm
Select one:
a. a-p,  b-r, c-q
b. a-p,  b-p, c-p
c. a-r,  b-p, c-p
d. a-r,  b-q, c-p

The correct answer is: a-r,  b-p, c-p

Question
Match the following:

List – I                           List – II

1 Quick Sort              a Divide and Conquer

2 Graph colouring     b Greedy

3 String editing          c Dynamic Programming

4 Prim’s Algorithm   d Back tracking
Select one:
a. 1-a, 2-c, 3-b, 4-d
b. None of these
c. 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-b
d. 1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c

The correct answer is: 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-b

Question
Which of the following statement(s)is / are correct regarding Bellman-Ford shortest path algorithm?
P: Always finds a negative weighted cycle, if one exist s.
Q: Finds whether any negative weighted cycle is reachable
from the source.
Select one:
a. P Only
b. Neither P nor Q
c. Both P and Q
d. Q Only

The correct answer is: Q Only

Question
The time required to find shortest path in a graph with n vertices and e edges is
Select one:
a. O (e)
b.  O (e2)
c.  O (n)
d.  O (n2

The correct answer is: O (n2)

Question
There are 5 items as follows

Select one:
a. 260 \$
b. 270 \$
c. 290\$
d. 250\$

Question
Four matrices M1, M2, M3 and M4 of dimensions pxq, qxr, rxs and sxt respectively can be multiplied is several ways with different number of total scalar multiplications. For example, when multiplied as ((M1 X M2) X (M3 X M4)), the total number of multiplications is pqr + rst + prt. When multiplied as (((M1 X M2) X M3) X M4), the total number of scalar multiplications is pqr + prs + pst.
If p = 10, q = 100, r = 20, s = 5 and t = 80, then the number of scalar multiplications needed is
Select one:
a. 44000
b. 19000
c. 25000
d. 248000

Question
A simple Graph G = L U R, set of 2 non-empty vertices and each vertex from L  has an edge to atleast one vertex of R, is called as
Select one:
a.  Bifocal graph
b. Bipartite Graph
c. Complete graph
d. Flow-network graph

The correct answer is: Bipartite Graph

Question
Ram and Shyam have been asked to show that a certain problem Π is NP-complete. Ram shows a polynomial time reduction from the 3-SAT problem to Π, and Shyam shows a polynomial time reduction from Π to 3-SAT. Which of the following can be inferred from these reductions ?
Select one:
a. Π is NP-complete
b. Π is neither NP-hard, nor in NP
c. Π is NP-hard but not NP-complete
d. Π is in NP, but is not NP-complete

The correct answer is:Π is NP-complete

Question
A sub-sequence of a given sequence is just the given sequence with some elements (possibly none or all) left out. We are given two sequences X[m] and Y[n] of lengths m and n respectively, with indexes of X and Y starting from 0.
We wish to find the length of the longest common sub-sequence(LCS) of X[m] and Y[n] as l(m,n), where an incomplete recursive definition for the function l(i,j) to compute the length of The LCS of X[m] and Y[n] is given below:
l(i,j) = 0, if either i=0 or j=0
= expr1, if i,j > 0 and X[i-1] = Y[j-1]
= expr2, if i,j > 0 and X[i-1] != Y[j-1]
Select one:
a. expr2 ≡ max(l(i-1,j-1),l(i,j))
b. expr2 ≡ max(l(i-1, j), l(i, j-1))
c. expr1 ≡ l(i-1, j) + 1
d. expr1 ≡ l(i, j-1)

The correct answer is: expr2 ≡ max(l(i-1, j), l(i, j-1))

Question
If all c(i, j )’s and r(i, j)’s are calculated, then OBST algorithm in worst case takes one of the following time.
Select one:
a. O(log n)
b. O(n3
c. O(n log n)
d. O(n2)

Question
Kruskal’s algorithm uses-------- and prim’s algorithm uses------ in determining the MST
Select one:
a. edges,edges
b. vertex,vertex
c. edges,vertex
d. vertex,edges

Question
For 0/1 KNAPSACK problem, the algorithm takes ________ amount of time for memory table, and ______time to determine the optimal load, for N objects and W as the capacity of KNAPSACK.
Select one:
a. O(NW), O(N)
b. O(NW), O(N+W)
c. O(N), O(NW)
d.   O(N+W), O(NW)

Question
Consider the following two problems of graph.
1) Given a graph, find if the graph has a cycle that visits every vertex exactly once except the first visited vertex which must be visited again to complete the cycle.
2) Given a graph, find if the graph has a cycle that visits every edge exactly once. Which of the following is true about above two problems
Select one:
a. Both problems belong to P set
b. Problem 1 belongs to P set and 2 belongs to NP Complete set
c. Problem 1 belongs NP Complete set and 2 belongs to P
d. Both problems belong to NP complete set

The correct answer is: Problem 1 belongs NP Complete set and 2 belongs to P

1. Find the Running Time of the fastest algorithm to calculate the shortest path between any two vertices of a graph where all edges have equal weights.

Select one:
a. 0(V log2V+E )
b. 0 (V+E) log2V
c. 0(V log V2+E)
d. 0 (E+V)

1. Ans is d. O(E+V)

2. A simple Graph G = L U R, set of 2 non-empty vertices and each vertex from L has an edge to atleast one vertex of R, is called as

Select one:
a. Bipartite Graph
b. Bifocal graph
c. Complete graph
d. Flow-network graph

1. Ans is a.Bipartite Graph

3. There are 5 items as follows

The knapsack can hold 60 pounds find the optimal solution